IGROUP PRESENCE QUESTIONNAIRE (IPQ)

The Igroup Presence Questionnaire (IPQ) is a scale for measuring the sense of presence experienced in a virtual environment (VE). It has been constructed using a large pool of items and two survey waves with approximately 500 participants. It was originally constructed in German, but is now also available in English and Dutch.
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Common subjects

computer science | psychology | art | engineering | design | media sciences | architecture

Cities

weimar | jena | ulm | leipzig | bonn | hong kong | eindhoven | freiburg | london | dunedin | hull | oslo

links

it-resource
microvision.blogspot.com/

igroup presence questionnaire (IPQ) Item Download

Download the IPQ Items

The tables below shows the IPQ items. You can also download HTML versions of the scale (English and German) at the bottom of this page.

The following tables show the 14 Items of the IPQ, in

and the respective scale anchors. Please note the copyrights in the last column of the English table. The English versions were translated into Dutch by Merel Krijn, into French by Isabelle Viaud-Delmon, and into Japanese by for their work on presence. Thanks a lot!

 

 

 

 

 

English IPQ Items

Number

PQI/II Nr. (internal)

IPQ item name

shortcut

loading on ...

English question

English anchors

Copyright (item source)

1

s62

G1

sense of being there

PRES

In the computer generated world I had a sense of "being there"

not at all--very much

Slater & Usoh (1994)

2

s44

SP1

sense of VE behind

SP

Somehow I felt that the virtual world surrounded me.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

3

s30

SP2

only pictures

SP

I felt like I was just perceiving pictures.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

4

s28

SP3

not sense of being in v. space

SP

I did not feel present in the virtual space.

did not feel--felt present

???

5

s31

SP4

sense of acting in VE

SP

I had a sense of acting in the virtual space, rather than operating something from outside.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

6

s33

SP5

sense of being present in VE

SP

I felt present in the virtual space.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

7

s64

INV1

awareness of real env.

INV

How aware were you of the real world surrounding while navigating in the virtual world? (i.e. sounds, room temperature, other people, etc.)?

extremely aware-moderately aware-not aware at all

Witmer & Singer (1994)

8

s37

INV2

not aware of real env.

INV

I was not aware of my real environment.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

9

s40

INV3

no attention to real env.

INV

I still paid attention to the real environment.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

10

s38

INV4

attention captivated by VE

INV

I was completely captivated by the virtual world.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

11

s48

REAL1

VE real (real/not real)

REAL

How real did the virtual world seem to you?

completely real--not real at all

Hendrix (1994)

12

s7

REAL2

experience similar to real env.

REAL

How much did your experience in the virtual environment seem consistent with your real world experience ?

not consistent-moderately consistent-very consistent

Witmer & Singer (1994)

13

s59

REAL3

VE real (imagined/real)

REAL

How real did the virtual world seem to you?

about as real as an imagined world--indistinguishable from the real world

Carlin, Hoffman, & Weghorst (1997)

14

s47

REAL4

VE wirklich

REAL

The virtual world seemed more realistic than the real world.

fully disagree--fully agree

IPQ

German IPQ Items

Number

IPQ item name

German question

German anchors

1

G1

In der computererzeugten Welt hatte ich den Eindruck, dort gewesen zu sein...

überhaupt nicht--sehr stark

2

SP1

Ich hatte das Gefühl, daß die virtuelle Umgebung hinter mir weitergeht.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

3

SP2

Ich hatte das Gefühl, nur Bilder zu sehen.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

4

SP3

Ich hatte nicht das Gefühl, in dem virtuellen Raum zu sein.

hatte nicht das Gefühl--hatte das Gefühl

5

SP4

Ich hatte das Gefühl, in dem virtuellen Raum zu handeln statt etwas von außen zu bedienen.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

6

SP5

Ich fühlte mich im virtuellen Raum anwesend.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

7

INV1

Wie bewußt war Ihnen die reale Welt, während Sie sich durch die virtuelle Welt bewegten (z.B. Geräusche, Raumtemperatur, andere Personen etc.)?

extrem bewußt-mittelmäßig bewußt-unbewußt

8

INV2

Meine reale Umgebung war mir nicht mehr bewußt.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

9

INV3

Ich achtete noch auf die reale Umgebung.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

10

INV4

Meine Aufmerksamkeit war von der virtuellen Welt völlig in Bann gezogen.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

11

REAL1

Wie real erschien Ihnen die virtuelle Umgebung?

vollkommen real-weder noch-gar nicht real

12

REAL2

Wie sehr glich Ihr Erleben der virtuellen Umgebung dem Erleben einer realen Umgebung?

überhaupt nicht-etwas-vollständig

13

REAL3

Wie real erschien Ihnen die virtuelle Welt?

wie eine vorgestellte Welt- -nicht zu unterscheiden von der realen Welt

14

REAL4

Die virtuelle Welt erschien mir wirklicher als die reale Welt.

trifft gar nicht zu- -trifft völlig zu

Dutch IPQ Items

Number

IPQ item name

Dutch question

Dutch anchors

1

G1

Ik had het gevoel aanwezig te zijn in de computerwereld

Helemaal niet--Heel erg

2

SP1

Ik had het gevoel omgeven te zijn door de virtuele wereld

Helemaal mee oneens -- Helemaal mee eens

3

SP2

Ik had het gevoel slechts plaatjes te aanschouwen

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

4

SP3

Ik had niet het gevoel in de virtuele ruimte aanwezig te zijn

helemaal mee oneens-- helemaal mee eens

5

SP4

Ik had meer het gevoel bezig te zijn in de virtuele ruimte, dan dat ik het gevoel had iets van buitenaf te bedienen

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

6

SP5

Ik voelde me aanwezig in de virtuele ruimte

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

7

INV1

Hoe bewust was u zich van de echte omgeving (bv. geluiden van buiten, kamertemperatuur), terwijl u zich bevond in de virtuele ruimte

Zeer bewust--Helemaal niet bewust

8

INV2

Ik was me niet bewust van mijn echte omgeving

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

9

INV3

Ik lette nog op de echte omgeving

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

10

INV4

Ik ging volledig op in de virtuele wereld

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

11

REAL1

Hoe echt kwam de virtuele omgeving op u over

Heel echt--Helemaal niet echt

12

REAL2

In hoeverre kwam uw ervaring in de virtuele omgeving overeen met uw ervaringen in de echte wereld?

Geen overeenstemming--Volledige overeenstemming

13

REAL3

Hoe werkelijk kwam de virtuele wereld op u over

Zoals een denkbeeldige wereld--Niet te onderscheiden v. d. echte wereld

14

REAL4

De virtuele wereld kwam echter op mij over dan de werkelijke wereld

Helemaal mee oneens--Helemaal mee eens

French IPQ Items

Number

IPQ item name

French question

French anchors

1

G1

Dans le monde généré par l’ordinateur, j’ai eu le sentiment “d’y être ”.

Pas du tout--Beaucoup

2

SP1

D’une certaine façon, j’ai eu l’impression que le monde virtuel m’entourait.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

3

SP2

J’avais l’impression que j’étais juste en train de percevoir des images.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

4

SP3

Je ne me suis pas senti présent dans l’espace virtuel.

Pas senti présent--Senti présent

5

SP4

J’ai eu la sensation d’agir dans l’espace virtuel plutôt que d’agir sur un quelconque mécanisme à l’extérieur de celui-ci.

Pas du tout d’accord--Complètement d’accord

6

SP5

Je me suis senti présent dans l’espace virtuel.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

7

INV1

A quel point étiez-vous conscient du monde réel environnant alors que vous étiez en train de naviguer dans le monde virtuel ? (par exemple : sons, température de la pièce, présence d’autres gens, etc.) ?

Extrêmement conscient-Modérément conscient-Pas conscient du tout

8

INV2

Je n’étais pas conscient de mon environnement réel.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

9

INV3

Je faisais toujours attention à l’environnement réel.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

10

INV4

J’étais complètement captivé par le monde virtuel.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

11

REAL1

Comment le monde virtuel vous a-t-il semblé?

Complètement réel--Pas du tout réel

12

REAL2

A quel point votre expérience dans l’environnement virtuel vous a-t-elle semblée cohérente avec votre expérience dans le monde réel?

Pas cohérente-Modérément cohérente-Très cohérente

13

REAL3

A quel point le monde virtuel vous a-t-il semblé réel?

A peu près aussi réel qu’un monde imaginé--Indistinguable du monde réel

14

REAL4

Le monde virtuel semblait plus réaliste que le monde réel.

Pas du tout d’accord--Tout à fait d’accord

PRES = General Presence, SP = Spatial Presence, INV = Involvement, REAL = Experienced Realism.

item sources:

  1. Slater, M., & Usoh, M. (1994). Representations Systems, Perceptual Position, and Presence in Immersive Virtual Environments, Presence, Vol. 2(3), 221-233.
  2. Witmer, B.G., & Singer, M.J. (1994). Measuring Presence in Virtual Environments, ARI Technical Report, Alexandria, VA: U. S. Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.
  3. Hendrix. C.M. (1994). Exploratory Studies on the Sense of Presence in Virtual Environments as a Function of Visual and Auditory Display Parameters, Master's Thesis, Human Interface Technology Laboratory of the Washington Technology Center at the University of Washington.
  4. Carlin, A.S., Hoffman, H.G., & Weghorst, S. (1997). Virtual reality and tactile augmentation in the treatment of spider phobia: a case report, Behaviour Research and Therapy, 35(2), 153-158.
  5. Items marked with IPQ were developed for the IPQ. Coyprights are hold by Thomas Schubert, Holger Regenbrecht, and Frank Friedmann.

The documents below are ready to use for your research. Additionally to the items, they contain questions for all other variables contained in the IPQ data set, such as questions on used hardware, software, and perspective.

If you want to use these HTML files, you can edit the source and already fill in values which are constant for your sample by assigning values or even hide input fields. The files have been prepared for use with a CGI tool named CGI2SPSS, which directly saves into SPSS files, but you can use any CGI you want for submitting the data.


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20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Use of undefined constant c - assumed 'c' in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833

( ! ) Notice: Undefined offset: 12 in /home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php on line 1
Call Stack
#TimeMemoryFunctionLocation
10.0002224296{main}( ).../download.php:0
20.0005248416include( '/home3/unternehmen/public_html/igroup/_layout/footer.php' ).../download.php:833